*On These Days in April
1401AD – Conway Castle surrendered to Owain Glyndwr (the Glendower of Shakespeare’s Henry IV fame).
1847AD – ‘Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the State of Education in Wales’ was published—the controversial “Treason of the Blue Books”.
1795AD – Local magistrates requested troops to quell the Denbigh Riot.
1923AD – John Ormond, poet and documentary film-maker born in Swansea
1989AD – Welsh used for the first time in swearing in the Queen’s Council at the House of Lords
1891AD – The first language census showed the number of Welsh-speaking people in Wales over the age of three was 898,000.
1926AD – Portmeirion (famed 1967 film set of The Prisoner starring Patrick McGoohan) opened to the public. Designed by Clough Williams-Ellis, the picturesque village is a popular tourist attraction throughout the year but is swarming with “Prisoner Fans” during the weekend closest to the 5th of April.
1835AD – Edward Morgan hanged at Monmouth for a “Scotch Cattle”** murder at Bedwellty.
1896AD – Snowdon Mountain Railway opened—one person died in an accident on the first day.
1920AD – First Archbishop of Wales elected at Llandrindod Wells—Alfred George Edwards, Bishop of St. Asaph.
**Scotch Cattle was the name taken by bands of coal miners in 19th century South Wales, analogous to the Molly Maguires in Pennsylvania, who, in disguise, would visit the homes of other local miners who were working during a strike or cooperating with employers against the local mining community in other ways and punish them by ransacking their property or attacking them physically.
Interesting to note: in Pennsylvania, the Molly Maquires attacked their Welsh co-workers who were often overseers and foremen because of their mining expertise.
Source for Dates: The Yearbook of Welsh Dates, John May, John Perry Press, 1989