Ar y Diwrnodau Hyn yn Ebrill*

480px-Portmeirion_view_of_central_plaza*On These Days in April

1st

1401AD – Conway Castle surrendered to Owain Glyndwr (the Glendower of Shakespeare’s Henry IV fame).

1847AD – ‘Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the State of Education in Wales’ was published—the controversial “Treason of the Blue Books”.

2nd

1795AD – Local magistrates requested troops to quell the Denbigh Riot.

3rd

1923AD – John Ormond, poet and documentary film-maker born in Swansea

4th

1989AD – Welsh used for the first time in swearing in the Queen’s Council at the House of Lords

5th

1891AD – The first language census showed the number of Welsh-speaking people in Wales over the age of three was 898,000.

Prisoner_sm1926AD – Portmeirion (famed 1967 film set of The Prisoner starring Patrick McGoohan) opened to the public. Designed by Clough Williams-Ellis, the picturesque village is a popular tourist attraction throughout the year but is swarming with “Prisoner Fans” during the weekend closest to the 5th of April.

6th

1835AD – Edward Morgan hanged at Monmouth for a “Scotch Cattle”** murder at Bedwellty.

1896AD – Snowdon Mountain Railway opened—one person died in an accident on the first day.

7th

1920AD – First Archbishop of Wales elected at Llandrindod Wells—Alfred George Edwards, Bishop of St. Asaph.

**Scotch Cattle was the name taken by bands of coal miners in 19th century South Wales, analogous to the Molly Maguires in Pennsylvania, who, in disguise, would 440px-Angus_cattle_24visit the homes of other local miners who were working during a strike or cooperating with employers against the local mining community in other ways and punish them by ransacking their property or attacking them physically.

Source: Wikipedia

Interesting to note: in Pennsylvania, the Molly Maquires attacked their Welsh co-workers who were often overseers and foremen because of their mining expertise.

Source for Dates: The Yearbook of Welsh Dates, John May, John Perry Press, 1989

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Filed under Cymreig/Welsh, Hanes Cymru/Welsh History, Y Cymry/Welsh People

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