10 Awst/August: Marks the day that St. Lorens, the patron saint of bakers and cooks, was burned at the stake in Rome.
“Gŵyl San Lorens heb gymylau, Llond gwlad o ffrwythau.”
Feast of St. Lorens without clouds, a land full of fruit.
12 Awst 1805: Ann Griffiths, the hymn-writer from Dolwar Fach, Llanfihangel-yng Ngwynfa, was buried. Her hymns were kept by Ruth Evans, Ann’s maid, and through her we have Ann Griffiths’ work:
“Wele’n sefyll rhwyng y myrtwydd
Wrthych teilwng o’n holl fryd:
Er mai o ran yr wy’n adnabod
Ei fod uwchlaw gwrthrychau’n byd:
Y caf ei weled fel y mae.”
13 Awst 1831: Dic Penderyn was executed by hanging in Cardiff following his participation the in the workers’ revolt in Merthyr Tudful. He was a 23 year old miner and was the first martyr of the working class in Cymru. Accused of injuring a soldier in the revolt, his last words were “O Arglwydd, dyma gamwedd.” (Oh Lord, here is a false step.) Forty years later, a man in America confessed to the crime on his deathbed.
14 Awst 1888: T.E. Lawrence (‘Lawrence of Arabia’) was born in Tremadog, gogledd Cymru.